For Beginners: What is a Domain?

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When we talk about an internet address or a domain name, we are actually talking about the location of a website.
Domain,
It is the name and also the address of a website on the internet. It is also defined as a domain name in our country . “Wikipedia.org”, “youtube.com” on
the internet
Examples are domain names. These correspond to the corresponding IP address. E.g; The domain name “google.com” indicates the IP address “216.58.216.164”.
It's easier to remember a domain name than memorizing a long IP address. A domain name consists of a maximum of 63 characters.
How Does a Domain Work?
When you register a domain, you do this through DNS (Domain Name System). DNS database; Link the IP address with the corresponding domain name.
establishes. It can be thought of as a kind of phone book. When you go to the browser and type the domain name, the DNS connection is established. DNS
all registered IP addresses
Searches and connects to the IP address given with the relevant domain name.
What are Domain Types?
Domain types are grouped under two main headings.
Top Level Domain (TLD)
It forms the last part of the domain name. They may also be called "Domain Suffix". It is the part after the last dot in the web address. TLD to the user
It helps to understand the type of site. Well; business type serves to identify the country center and determine whether the site is government or school
owned. Four
Although it is handled in a separate category, it consists of three main categories.
Country Code Top Level Domain – ccTLD
As the name suggests, technically this domain is tied to different countries. Each country has its own ccTDL. However, just because you live in a country
you don't have to use this ccTDL. For example; Although “.co” belongs to Colombia, it is used by many startups. On the other hand, this extension
You can attract visitors to the website in your country with E.g; Traffic to the United States with .us and to company sites in Japan with “.jp”
It is possible to draw. Examples of ccTDLs from various countries are given below:
list of 8 items

.tr – Turkey

.tw – Taiwan

.tz – Tanzania

.ua – Ukraine

.uk – UK

.us – USA

.uz – Uruguay

.va – Vatican City
list end
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Geographic Top-Level Domains
Domain extensions are grouped by geographic state and include official country-specific extensions, also known as country code top-level domains (ccTLD).
E.g; “.be” (Belgium), “.in” (India) and “.mx” (Mexico). Registration rules for ccTLDs vary by country. Some countries are unlimited,
i.e. anyone in the world can enroll, while others have restrictions such as the requirement to reside. The list of each ccTLD does not contain any restrictions.
shows.
for Europe; .be (Belgium), .berlin (Berlin city), .ch (Switzerland), .co.uk (United Kingdom), .cz (Czech Republic), .de (Germany), .es (Spain), .eu
(European Union), .fi (Finland), .fr (France), .gg (Guernsey), .im (Island of Man), .it (Italy), .me (Montenegro), .me.uk (United Kingdom) , .nl (Netherlands),
.org.uk (United Kingdom), .ruhr (Ruhr region, Germany), .se (Sweden), .uk (United Kingdom), .wien (Vienna city).
Generic Top Level Domain – gTLD
In general, the purpose of these domain extensions; It shows in which direction these domains will be used. The available gTDL extensions are:
list of 6 items

Military organizations ;“.mil”

Educational institutions; “.edu”

non-profit organizations; ".organ"

commercial institutions; “.com”

networks; ".net"

International; “.int”
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Many gTDLs can be saved even if the requirements are not fully met; however, military and educational institutions have to fully meet these demands.
Brand top-level domains
Brand TLD is an innovative type of TLD. In this way, commercial companies can use their own names instead of the traditional “.com” or “.biz” extension.
For example; apple
firm, “www.iphone. may use the name "Apple".
Second Level Domain (SLD)
In the DNS hierarchy, the second level domain (SLD) is at a lower level of the TLD. E.g; At al.com, al is SLD. To a second-level hierarchy during registration
SLD is used when needed. To give another example; When enrolling under the .ac.uk ccSLD at a high school or other academic institution in the .uk namespace,
Companies can register under .co.uk.
What is the difference between Domain and URL?
The domain name is contained in the URL. The URL is the whole, but the domain name is only part of the URL. Although they are sometimes used interchangeably,
they are not the same thing.
The URL is a complete web address and gives more information.
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What is the Difference Between Domain and Web Hosting?
Domain name is a part of the data you enter in the URL part. On the other hand, web hosting is where all the files belonging to your website are located.
Just like your website
it is home. In this case, the domain address is also your home address.
When someone enters the domain name in the internet browser, the domain name is converted to an IP address, which is the address of the company where your
website is located. So web hosting
is the address. The computer at this address keeps the files related to your website and sends these files to the user's browser.
Why is Domain Important?
A domain name is critical for many reasons:
list of 4 items

Domain name gives your company credibility.

The right domain name will attract a large number of visitors to your website.

Domain name creates your brand.

In terms of SEO, it allows you to be found easily in search engines.
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What are the things to consider when choosing a domain?
Choosing the right domain name is extremely critical, especially for companies. You can choose a good domain name by paying attention to a few basic steps:
list of 14 items

If you are commercial, choose the ".com" extension.

Choose the domain name as short as possible.

Choose a domain name that can be easily written and read.

Use keywords in the domain name.

Choose a brandable and unique domain.

Leave room for expansion.

Avoid using "-" in the domain name.

Search your domain name online.

Avoid using double letters.

Use the most popular domain registrars.

You can get a free domain with web hosting.

Choose the best place to register the domain name.

Use domain generators.

Be early and get it before someone else does.
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How to Get Domain?
Anyone can get a domain name. After deciding to set up a website, first of all, it is necessary to decide on the right domain name. The name you set before
You need to check if it is registered. As a first step for this
Domain Search
we do the operation;
Domain Search figure
domain-query
Domain Search figure end
If the domain we are querying is available for registration, we encounter a result screen as below;
Domain Search Result figure
domain-query
Domain Search Result figure end
In order to have the domain available for registration immediately, we click on the "Add to Cart" button and make the payment.
Frequently Asked Questions About Domain
As websites become more widespread, the use of domains increases and questions are frequently asked about the domain. Here you will find the most popular
domain questions.
What is Subdomain?
Subdomain; means subdomain. Subdomains are often used by Internet service providers that provide web services. On behalf of your domain
They allow to allocate one (or more) subdomains to their non-owning customers.
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E.g;
list of 3 items

abc.com; domain name

store.abc.com; subdomain

private.abc.com; subdomain
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What is Park Domain?
Park domain means that although you have purchased a domain name, you do not associate it with any web service. Sometimes using a domain name in the future
you want to buy. What is used in this case is the park domain. It can also be used to redirect traffic to another domain. many different
therefore of great importance. The company may want to drive traffic with several domain names. You may want to reserve it for future use.
What is Domain Transfer? How is it done?
Transferring a registered domain name from one registered organization to another is called "domain transfer". For this process, domain name transfer conditions
must be met.
To do the action:
list of 7 items

Enter your Admin Panel from the company where your domain is registered. Unlock the domain.

Request a transfer code (Authorization Code/EPP Code) from your current registrar.

With some companies, this code can be created from the Administration Panel. Some are sent via e-mail.

Go to the new company's website and create an account. You want to transfer without entering the "www" part in the Domain Transfer option from the Administration
Panel here.
type the domain name.

Test the accuracy of the transfer password you received by typing it into the code field.

Complete the purchase by adding the transfer service to the cart.

If you want to hide the WHO IS feature, you can get protection from the new company about it.
list end
Can I sell my domain address?
Yes, domain addresses can be sold. Especially domain names containing specific words are in great demand. Some companies also carry their own names.
They want to buy domain names. For this reason, domain address sales are common. There are also many websites for these. Among them; godaddy
Auction, Flippa Marketplace, Sedo Marketplace, NamePros Forum, NameCheap Marketplace, Efty Website, eBay Marketplace, BrandBucket are very popular.
Can I move my website to a different domain?
Yes, you can move your website to another domain. However, this process requires a careful and step-by-step planning process. transport
You have to decide when to do it. You should plan the move and monitor the system after the move by making checks.
What is domain privacy (WHOIS Obfuscation)? do i need this
WHOIS is a frequently used Internet registry list. It contains information about who is the owner of each domain name and how to contact them. Who
With the job search, all contact information of your company is accessed. Those who want to hide this information can withdraw their data from access with
the WHOIS hiding feature.
Thus, they can hide company contact information from public access.
 
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